Pines "resin". The fresh resin is called turpentine. Basically, turpentines are therefore mixtures of resin and essential oils.
Turpentine is a viscous, yellowish mass that is insoluble in water. The volatile substances include pinenes and 3-carene.
Turpentine is the starting raw material from which our raw material rosin is obtained. For this purpose, the turpentine is distilled and the rosin remains at the end. Water and the turpentine oil are lost in the process.
Colloquially, turpentine oil is often referred to as turpentine, which is used to dissolve oils and resins.KRAEMER Wiki